The Bible and Indian Constitution - Law of God hidden in Indian Legal System

Bible and Indian Constitution - Law of God hidden in Indian legal system: Indian constitution is a fundamental document which is designed for the people and by the people as it is mentioned in its preface. Here we discuss how Indian Constitution was affected by the principles of Holy Bible and why hindutva elements hate this.

THE BIBLE'S GREAT CLAIM

Several things stand out plainly from the Holy Bible:

1) The Bible is not only a spiritual book dealing with things above. It has statutes and judgments revealed upon its pages, which enables its adherents to live a meaningful life of wisdom and understanding here on earth.

2) The laws and statutes taught in it are unique and superior to the laws governing any other nations of the world. This must be so if the Bible is the sole written revelation from the one and only God.

3) The wisdom and understanding acquired by virtue of these Statutes and Judgments is obvious to anyone who considers them carefully.

As rightly pointed out by some of the old commentators upon the above text:

"'Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people'.-- Almost all the nations in the earth showed that they had formed this opinion of the Jews, by borrowing from them the principal part of their civil code. Take away what Asia and Europe, whether ancient or modern, have borrowed from the Mosaic laws, and you leave little behind that can be called excellent" (Adam Clark).

"Now there was not any nation then in being, nor any since, to be compared with the nation of the Jews, for the wise and wholesome laws given unto them; no, not the more cultivated and civilized nations, as the Grecians and Romans, who had the advantage of such wise lawgivers as they were accounted, as Solon, Lycurgus, Numa, and others; and indeed the best laws that they had seem to be borrowed from the Jews" (Dr. John Gill).

If the Bible is the Word of God, then the legal system it provides must be unique and incomparably superior to what mere human minds could devise. Every other nation must be able to objectively discern this uniqueness. This paper seeks to examine this great claim made by the Bible and find-out whether we as Indians can verify this claim in the context of the Indian Jurisprudence.

THE BIBLE'S GREAT CLAIM PROVED IN THE INDIAN CONTEXT

The Indian constitution is a blessing bestowed upon this nation by the Holy Bible. This may sound like an exaggeration or a claim from an extreme bigot. But the call is to take this claim only as a hypothesis and examine the truth of it with a candid mind.

The primary purpose of this paper is to demonstrate this claim within the limited scope of the Indian Constitution, proving that there is no God to whom this country owes as much an incalculable debt for its legal system, as its indebtedness to the God of the Bible. Besides establishing the clear and unmistakable nexus between the Biblical precepts and the legal principles, there will be a careful attempt to also negate the possibility of any contribution from any alternate religious sources in shaping the civil life of this country.

It is arguable that the religions which are so mutually exclusive could not have been the collective sources or contributories to a legal system that reflects the ideals of just one of them to the derogation of the others.

When India became independent, we chose to continue using several statutory enactments made by the British during their regime. The Indian Penal Code 1860, The Indian Contracts act 1872, The Indian Evidence Act 1872, The Civil Procedure Code 1908, etc are some of the prominent examples of such statutes.

But more importantly, Any standard text book dealing with the sources of our Constitution will inform us that we chose to borrow the basic principles of our constitution from the west.

Since India chose to be a beneficiary to this Biblical legacy by borrowing from the west, the principles underlying its legal system is bound to reflect the standards taught in the Bible, more than that of any indigenous religious literature. Any unbiased mind will freely admit that the Bible governs the Indian Jurisprudence more than the Vedas, or the Manusmrithi or any other book of note.

This serves as one of the several instances to prove the Biblical claim that there is no nation which has laws comparable to its own laws, which argues for the divine revelation of the Bible. The great contribution of the Bible in making the Indian legal system can be adequately demonstrated from any branch of the law, but we will now confine our attention only to certain fundamental features of our Constitution which serves to substantiate this great claim.

BIBLE AND INDIAN CONSTITUTION: SOVEREIGN CONSTITUTION

The preamble of the Indian constitution lays down that our constitution is 'Sovereign'. This forms the basis for what is called the 'Rule of law'. Rule of law implies that the nation is to be governed not by the arbitrary authority of a man or a group of people, but by the established law. Though there will be a government in place, it has to act within the bounds determine by the constitution.

Now here is what the Bible says about Indian constitution sovereignty or the rule of law: "And it shall be, when he (the king) sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites: And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel." (Deuteronomy 17:18-20).

Thus the king is in subjection to the law as much as anyone else as per the Bible. He is only to implement and abide by what the law has already determined and must not act arbitrarily, or set himself above his subjects whom the Bible calls his 'Brethren'.

But contrast this with the manusmrithi which is supposed to be a primary source of ancient Indian jurisprudence.

Manusmrithi 1: 93, As the Brahmana sprang from (Brahman's) mouth, as he was the first-born, and as he possesses the Veda, he is by right the lord of this whole creation.

Manusmrithi 1: 107-108 In this (work) the sacred law has been fully stated as well as the good and bad qualities of (human) actions and the immemorial rule of conduct , (to be followed) by all the four castes (varna). The rule of conduct is transcendent law , whether it be taught in the revealed texts or in the sacred tradition; hence a twice-born man who possesses regard for himself, should be always careful to (follow) it.

The 2nd citation above may seem to suggest that the Manusmriti also commands adherence to its own rule. Why is this not constitutional supremacy or the rule of law? Because, the 1st citation makes it plain that the Brahmana is by right the lord of the creation. It is evident from the perusal of the rest of the Manusmriti, that it is a mechanism to bring all other castes under the Brahmanic subjection.

So the Brahmanic accountability to the Manu made constitution is reduced to ensuring Brahmanic reign over the rest of the society. This is so unlike the Biblical rule of law, where the throne-sitter is to be no better than his fellow-subjects who are his 'brethren' and who is accountable before the law as much as any other subject thereof.

Hence when we see Bible and Indian Constitution in parallel, the Indian constitution finds the appropriate parallel to its principle of the Rule of law in the Bible, whereas in the indigenous religious books of India, we find the rule of a caste disguising itself as the rule of law.

BIBLE AND INDIAN CONSTITUTION: SOCIALIST CONSTITUTION

The preamble further lays down that our constitution is socialist in nature. This implies the equality of all citizens to the total eradication of all forms of arbitrary discrimination. Articles 14-18 of the Indian constitution protects the right of all citizens to be treated equal before the law and entitles them all to the equal protection of laws.

Going by the religious texts in India, the very idea of equality is foreign to this country. Could the Indian religious texts upholding the varna based inequalities contribute to the principle of equality, more than the Bible which teaches that man was created in the image and likeness of God? That is certainly no riddle to grapple with! just make note of and contrast the Biblical and the Hindu world-views on how man was brought into existence, which is a sufficient instance to demonstrate as to which of the two actually affords prospects of an egalitarian society.

Regarding the creation of man, the Bible says:

"And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them" (Genesis 1:26-27).

Now we will contrast this with the Vishnu Purana Book 1: Chapter 4 PARA 3 (Which declaration is also upheld by Rig Veda Book 10: 90: 12, the Bhagavad Gita 4:13 etc):

"Formerly, oh best of Brahmans, when the truth-meditating Brahmá was desirous of creating the world, there sprang from his mouth beings especially endowed with the quality of goodness; others from his breast, pervaded by the quality of foulness; others from his thighs, in whom foulness and darkness prevailed; and others from his feet, in whom the quality of darkness predominated.

These were, in succession, beings of the several castes, Brahmans, Kshetriyas, Vaisyas, and Shudras, produced from the mouth, the breast, the thighs, and the feet of Brahmá

The Hindu religious books not only showed discrimination between man and man based on its unfounded supposition of the origin of man, but also paved way for discrimination against woman to disrespect and exploit them along the same unfounded grounds.

As seen from the Biblical citation above, not only man, but even the woman was created in the image and likeness of God. But how were women created according to the Hindu religious texts?

The Bhagavad Gita 9: 32 For, O son of Prithâ! even those who are of sinful birth women , Vaisyas; and Shudras likewise, resorting to me, attain the supreme goal. What then (need be said of) holy Brâhmanas and royal saints who are (my) devotees? Coming to this transient unhappy world, worship me. (Place your) mind on me, become my devotee, my worshipper; reverence me, and thus making me your highest goal, and devoting your self to abstraction, you will certainly come to me.

Note that women are included among those of sinful birth unlike the Brahmins and the royal saints who are of a so called noble birth.

Manusmrithi 9: 16-18 Knowing their disposition, which the Lord of creatures laid in them at the creation, to be such, (every) man should most strenuously exert himself to guard them. (When creating them) Manu allotted to women (a love of their) bed, (of their) seat and (of) ornament, impure desires, wrath, dishonesty, malice, and bad conduct. For women no (sacramental) rite (is performed) with sacred texts, thus the law is settled; women (who are) destitute of strength and destitute of (the knowledge of) Vedic texts, (are as impure as) falsehood (itself), that is a fixed rule .

When such is the indignity cast upon men of lower castes and the women of all castes in the Vedhic literature, how is it that the Indian constitution came to recognize the equality of all men and women and vows to protect it? How is it that it aligns more with the Bible than with Manu, or the Gita? The answer is not far to seek.

When the Bible based equality influenced our constitution, the cast based atrocities came to be recognized as social evils, fit only to be prohibited and penalized by the law of this land. Why then may the Hinduthva fringe not hate the Bible which vanquished the basic structure of their sanathan barbarianism, which would have otherwise rendered the rest of India their footstool.

Watch here The Bible and Indian Constitution full video explanation

CONCLUSION

In the above study of Bible and Indian Constitution we could come to the conclusion that the constitution of India properly speaking is a document foreign to India. Had the indigenous religious sources framed our Constitution, we would not have spoken of the rule of law, but the rule of a caste. Equality would still have been a heresy punishable with banishments, lashes and death. Religious bigotry would have flushed aside secularism. Democratic republic would have been a concept of the mlechchas.

When the fringe elements of Hinduthva speak of a Hindu State, when they speak of Constitutional reforms, do not be carried away into thinking that they have a better Constitution to offer. They hate this Indian Constitution which ruined the basic structure of Hinduism.

The only way to regain what they lost is by Manuizing it on the pretext of reforms. They will continue to hate the Bible and its propagators, because they only can feel the immense damage caused by it to their inhuman and barbaric system, which they may choose to call Sanathan.

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